Bangladesh

Myanmar signs peace deal with armed rebel groups

 

 

The government of Myanmar has signed what it says is a nationwide ceasefire deal with eight armed ethnic groups. The signing ceremony in the capital, Nay Pyi Taw, was the culmination of two years of peace talks.

But the most active rebel groups have stayed out of the deal – seven of the 15 groups involved in negotiations.

Myanmar, also known as Burma, has been engaged in armed conflict with various groups seeking greater autonomy since independence from the British in 1948.

The government hopes Thursday’s deal will be the first step on a path to a lasting political settlement.

Among the groups which have not signed are the largest armed group, the United Wa State Army (UWSA), and the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO), whose Kachin Independence Army (KIA) controls large areas of north-eastern Kachin state and regularly clashes with the Burmese army.

The agreement is neither truly “nationwide” nor strictly speaking a ceasefire.

In order to take part in this collective agreement the armed groups had to have previously signed a bilateral ceasefire with the government. So it is not actually halting any conflicts.

This at times tortuous process has been about trying to get everyone to the start line before the next phase, political dialogue, gets underway.

With only about half the groups having made it to the start line, the way forward from here will be ever more complex.

Political discussions are now due to begin within months on the structure of a new, and likely more federal, system of government, says our correspondent.

But there are still concerns that peace with the groups signing Thursday’s agreement could be short lived, if the Burmese army ignores the ceasefire, as it has with others.

Earlier this week, all of the groups signing were removed from the government’s list of “unlawful associations”, a step towards bringing them into mainstream politics.

The Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) Peace Council, the Arakan Liberation Party (ALP), the Chin National Front (CNF), the Pa-O National Liberation Organisation (PNLO), and the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) were removed from the list on Tuesday.

They joined three other armed groups removed on Monday: the All Burma Students’ Democratic Front (ABSDF), the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS), and the Karen National Union (KNU) – Myanmar’s oldest armed group, which has been fighting for nearly seven decades.

Negotiators have told BBC correspondents that the seven groups which have not signed are not far behind, and have agreed a draft deal.

Many of the country’s ethnic minority groups have long demanded greater autonomy, or outright independence, from central government, which is dominated by the Burmese majority.

Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has previously urged rebel groups to focus more on a lasting deal than a quick one, was not at the signing ceremony.

State media had reported that representatives from the European Union, India, China, Japan, and the United Nations would be at the signing.

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