The full list of the 11 Tory MPs who dealt Theresa May her humiliating first Commons defeat over Brexit has been revealed.
It is a blow to May as she jets to Brussels to meet 27 EU leaders as they are set to sign off the first-round deal she struck with the EU Commission on citizens’ rights, Northern Ireland and the divorce bill on Friday.
The MPs included veteran Europhile Ken Clarke and ex-ministers Nicky Morgan and Anna Soubry alongside usually loyal MPs such as Antoinette Sandbach.
Labour Brexiteers Dennis Skinner and Ronnie Campbell then pushed the vote over the line by backing the pro-Europeans’ amendment.
The furious row exploded over an amendment to the Government’s flagship EU (Withdrawal) Bill which exposed the Tories’ civil war.
The government had planned to make parts of Britain’s final withdrawal deal law using so-called ‘Henry VIII’ powers soon after it was struck.
But former Attorney General Dominic Grieve, who penned the amendment, said MPs must approve the final deal in a full Act of Parliament before it becomes UK law.
In a dramatic climbdown just minutes before the vote, Justice Minister Dominic Raab promised not to use any ‘Henry VIII’ clauses until MPs had a meaningful vote.
Rebel leader Mr Grieve declared it was too late for the government to give ground.
He vehemently denied he wanted to sabotage of the will of the people saying it was about bringing back control to parliament.
Tory MPs lined up minutes before the vote to announce they were defying the government.
Antoinette Sandbach warned the government was giving itself sweeping powers while Charlie Elphicke warned it was not right.
Labour MP David Lammy compared the vote to those on bombing Syria and 90-day detention for terror suspects. Fellow Labour MP Mary Creagh added: This place is not a rubber-stamp. We are not nodding donkeys.
Earlier the Prime Minister had refused to back down, telling the Commons Mr Grieve’s plan could mean the UK was unable to have a orderly and smooth exit from the European Union.
Brexiteer Conservative MP Philip Davies said: There was a meaningful vote on June 23, 2016 when people voted to leave the European Union.
Fellow Tory Brexiteer Bernard Jenkin complained: There’s a summit tomorrow, this is not the moment to try and defeat the Government.
Tory Kevin Hollinrake added: It’s time to grit our teeth and simply get on with it.
Brexit Secretary David Davis wrote to MPs in a desperate, last-ditch bid to get support.
In a written Commons statement, he promised not to implement the deal until after MPs have voted.
Reports emerged of a female Tory MP reduced to tears by a male Conservative whip who was trying to persuade her to back the Government over the Brexit Bill.
No 10 denied the claim.
Former Business Minister and prominent Remainer Anna Soubry said: “It is right that the whips should exert pressure, cajole people that’s perfectly proper in my view.
But bullying, reducing colleagues to tears and making them shake is not acceptable. It has got to stop.
Another senior MP said: The person was left shaken and upset. These were bully boy tactics.
Retribution was swift from Downing Street as one rebel, Stephen Hammond, was sacked as a Vice Chairman for the Conservative Party after the vote.
It is the first time Mrs May has lost a vote that changes the law since she became Prime Minister almost 18 months ago.
Until now the only votes she lost were for non-binding motions on issues such as NHS pay, tuition fees and Universal Credit.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said: This defeat is a humiliating loss of authority for the government on the eve of the European Council meeting.
Labour has made the case since the referendum for a meaningful vote in Parliament on the terms of Britain’s withdrawal from the European Union.
Theresa May has resisted democratic accountability. Her refusal to listen means she will now have to accept Parliament taking back control.
In total Amendment 7 was backed by 12 Tory MPs, 247 Labour MPs, 34 from the SNP , 12 Lib Dems and six others.
It was opposed by 294 Conservative MPs, all 10 of Mrs May’s DUP allies and two Labour MPs, Frank Field and Kate Hoey.
Rebel leader Dominic Grieve drew on Winston Churchill’s spirit as he told MPs he would put country before party.
Tory Antoinette Sanbach said the government’s last-minute pleas had been utterly unconvincing.
Fellow rebel Nicky Morgan tweeted: Tonight Parliament took control of the EU Withdrawal process.
Eloise Todd, chief executive of anti-Brexit group Best For Britain, said: Tonight wasn’t a government defeat but a victory for British democracy.
A Downing Street spokesman said: “Today the European Parliament voted to move on to the next phase of talks in our departure from the European Union, and tomorrow the Prime Minister will be attending European Council in Brussels, working towards the deep and special partnership we all want to see.
We respect the will of the House, and will continue to focus on preparing the country to leave the EU in March 2019.
Full list of Tory rebels
• Dominic Grieve
• Ken Clarke
• Nicky Morgan
• Bob Neill
• Stephen Hammond
• Sir Oliver Heald
• Anna Soubry
• Dr Sarah Wollaston
• Jonathan Djanogly
• Antoinette Sandbach
• Heidi Allen